The Zionist movement, born at the end of the nineteeth century, was created in order to find a solution for the Ashkenazi Jews dissemminated in Eastern and Central Europe, speaking yiddish, living generally in schtetels, who were then subject to antisemitic persecutions. Theodor Herzl, founder of the Zionist movement was convinced that by creating a Jewish State for these Jews, transforming them into peasants and rooting them in the land, antisemitism will disappear on Earth.
The site for the projected State on Earth was in controversy.
Many Zionists proposed to establish it in Ouganda, then a British colony.
Others in Argentina. Finally, it was decided to establish it in Palestine,
then an Ottoman province, because of the ideological links of the majoritarian
orthodox East European Jews with this country. These Jews repeated many
times during the year in their prayers next year in Jerusalem.
The small Zionist movement, born in Eastern and Central Europe,
had neither the economic resources, nor the military strength to establish
by its own means a Jewish State. In order to realize their objectives,
the Zionists looked after a foreign power that will sponsor the creation
of such a State and will help to defend it against its Arab neighbours.
In counterpart, the new State was ready to help defend their interests
in the Middle East.
Since antiquity Palestine was considered one of the most important strategic areas of the World. Situated in the fringes of Asia, not far from Europe, Palestine was the only terrestrial link between Asia and Africa. The building up of the Suez canal which shortens the sea route to East Africa, Asia and Australia, increased its importance. When oil was discovered in fabulous quantities in the Middle East, Palestine economic and strategic importance increased again manyfold.
The Zionists had no particular preference concerning the imperialist power that will sponsor the establishment of a Jewish state and defend it. Theodor Herzl, the founder of Zionism, had contacts with the Tzarist Russian empire leaders, with the German emperor, with the Ottoman Sultan. Finally, twenty years after the First Zionist Congress, Great Britain, one of the victors of the First World War was chosen.
In one of its statements, the writer Arthur Koestler's declared that Great Britain, the then strongest imperial power in the World, through its 1917 Balfour declaration, promised the territory of the Palestinians, not belonging to her, to the representatives of a small European group of Jews, the Zionists.
The original aim of the first generation of Zionists - saving the persecuted European Jews subject to antisemitism by rooting them in the Holy Land, through the colonization of the relatively densely populated Palestine - degenerated for the Zionists second generation into a new aim: Utilize the young Ashkenazi Jews of Eastern and Central Europe in order to establish a Western Jewish State in the Holy Land, a country situated in the center of the Arab World, ethnically cleansed of its Palestinian native population. The salvation of the Jews suffering from antisemitic persecutions became a secondary aim. This new ideology had serious repercussions concerning the salvation of the European Jews during the nazism.
Israel was created in 1948, when the process of breaking up of
the colonial empires of the Western powers was in full swing. The green
light given by the two superpowers, winners of the Second World War -
The United States and the Soviet Union - for the establishment of the
State of Israel on the Palestinians land, had very little to do with their
desire to find a solution for the remaining European Jews salvaged from
the nazi Holocaust. Each of these two superpowers had the intention to
utilize the new State of Israel as an instrument for the advance and strenghthening
of their strategic, political and economic aims in the oil bearing Middle
East. The Soviet Union was quickly abandonned by the Zionist leaders as
sponsor of the new State. Through the creation of Israel, Palestine territory
was transformed into the main Middle Eastern strategic base of the Western
Powers, first and foremost the United States. In exchange the Western
Powers finance, feed, arm and sustain politicaly Israel in all internations
They did not convince most of the Ashkenazi Jews on Earth, who
numbered 16 million in 1939, and 11 million after the Holocaust, to come
and settle in the Holy Land. In 1996, their number in Greater Israel is
smaller than that of the half a million Ashkenazis living in Israel in
1948, to whom are added all Ashkenazi Jews immigrants who came to Israel
since 1948. This is due to the fact that a large proportion of Israeli
Ashkenazis, most of them youngsters, emigrated to the United States. Some
estimates give the number of these Israeli emigrants at 600,000, and with
their off-springs around a million. But in Israel, if in 1948 only 11%
of the Ashkenazi Jews were over 50 years, their proportion in 1996 is
over 30 %. Its an aging and dwindling community, representing perhaps
about 40% of all Israeli Jews. Their yearly natural increase was in 1993,
9,000. This number represent only about a quarter of the annual natural
increase of the arabo -oriental Jews in Israel, 8 % of the yearly natural
increase of the 3.4 million Palestinians still living in 1995 in former
Mandatory Palestine, and around 5 % of all the Palestinians living in
their motherland and in the diaspora. But it is the members of this of
this community that practically assume all powers in Greater Israel. Its
only them that the Western Powers trust in order to safeguard their interests
in the oil-bearing Middle East.
The Zionist movement totally failed in one of its main objectives. Ethnically cleanse Israel in its 1950 borders, and after 1967 the total area of the Holy Land, of its Palestinian indigenous population. In 1917, the Palestinians were 650,000. They number in 1996 more than 6.5 million, having more than 3.4 million still living in their motherland. The yearly natural increase of the Palestinians living in former Mandatory Palestine and in the Diaspora could be estimated at around 250,000, i.e. five times that of all Israeli Jews. More than half of them are born in former Palestine, and increase the population of the Holy Land.
The Zionists failed in their aim of transforming the Ashkenazi
Jews, one of the most urbanized communities on Earth, into peasants rooted
in the Palestinian land and bringing them security. Almost no Jewish peasants
are to be found in Greater Israel. The kibbutz movement is agonizing.
Almost all of the moshav farms of the Coastal Plain have been transformed
into residential units for urban rich Israelis. A govermentaml commission
of Israeli planifiers think that practically, in the year 2020, no rural
sector will remain in Israel.(Jerusalem Post, French edition, 7-13 December
The Zionist movement failed in their aim to concentrate on the Holy Land most ashkenazi Jews on Earth. In 1996, Greater Israel, established on the area of former mandatory Palestine, has a population comprising minoritarian aging European Ashkenazi Jews assuming all powers, majoritarian Oriental Jews, about 80% of them Arabs of Jewish faith originating from the Arab World stretching from the Atlantic to the Persian Gulf, and more majoritarian Palestinians numbering 3.4 million. The yearly natural increase of the Palestinians that remained in their motherland is much greater than twice of all the Jews living in Greater Israel. Most of the other Palestinians deported after 1948, who number in 1996 more than 3 million, live in the Holy Land neighbouring countries.
Israel did not become a haven in which Jews on Earth, subject
to antisemitic exactions can find security. Professor Yeshayaoou Leibovitz
stated many times that the only place on Earth where Jews are in danger
of annihilation is in the Holy Land. In another declaration in 1984, Leibovittz
stated: "The Zionist State was created in such a way that its population
does not live thanks to its work. He carries out a parasitical life thanks
to the subventions received from abroad. In exchange he has transformed
its army into guardian of the interests of those who furnish its bread,
and he sends its children to kill or get killed for the safeguarding of
these interests (3)
Myths created by the Zionists, amplified by the Western media and accepted by World public opinion
Well rooted myths in Western public opinion are very difficult to overcome, especially when these myths serve the strategical, political and economic interests of the Great Western Powers. The myths developped by the Zionists concerning the situation of Palestine before their colonial occupation are numerous. New myths arose after the establishment of the British Mandate and others after the establishment of Israel. Books in English, French, German and other languages and worldwide press are full of articles praising the redeeming of the Holy Land and the blooming of the Palestine deserts by the Jewish pionneers, the miracles accomplished by the kibboutz settlers, the transformation of an arid country into a World paradize. These myths are the necessary screen in order to hide the real role played by Israel in the New World Order. The transformation of the Holy Land into the main Western Powers strategic base in the oil-bearing Middle East, allowing the West to buy the Middle East arab oil at trifle prices, and see the annual tens of billions of dollars of these transactions being invested in the United States and other Western countries. And this occurs during an historical period when the population of the poor Arab World will reach more than 300 millions in the year 2,000, and possess no other valuable resources. Hereafter some of these myths are analysed.
The myth of a desertified Palestine
The first myth which became the main slogan of the Zionist movement was created at the beginning of the century by a Jewish American writer, Israel Zangwill. He declared Palestine "A land without people for a people without land ".
In fact, at the beginning of the twenteeth century, Palestine could be considered, proportionnately to its size, a well populated country. Its population, comprising Moslems, Christians and native oriental Jews reached more than 600,000 souls. Among them, a few tens of thousand Ashkenazi Jews who came from the Russian Empire after 1880. Compared to other Third World countries, Palestine could then be considered well populated.
Mark Twain, who visited Palestine at the end of the nineteeth
century, was impressed by the Ezdraelon Valley continuous green fields
as seen from Mount Thabor. Not a single field was left fallow.
Yaacov Meiersohn commented already in 1920: "In Palestine, there is no unsettled land at all....I am stating quite frankly and clearly that up till now there is not a single dunum of bought land in Palestine which has not been cultivated before by Arabs"(4)
It was only after the beginning of the Jewish colonization at
the end of the XIX th century, when Zionists bough more and more land
from effendis, leave part of it uncultivated for a future colonization,
that the sterilisation and desertification of the Holy Land most fertile
In 1995, almost half a century after the creation of Israel, the kibbutzim, who own a third of all agricultural land, more than half of Israel's most fertile land and utilise more than half of its agricultural waters, have a settled population of around 130,000 souls, with a very hight proportion of aged men over 50. This population represents about 2.5 % of Israel's total population. Such a concentration of arable land and irrigation water in the hands of so few people cannot be found even in any of the South America States, where latifundia are common. The production capacities of their irrigated land is very high, but their contribution in the supply of the food needs of the country's population is marginal. Their high production of milk, eggs and poultry meat has nothing to do with their field's cultivation. Its an agro-industry based on imported concentrated fodder, that could be established in the middle of a desert.
Another well accepted myth of the Zionist propaganda by Western public opinion is the blooming of the Negev desertified land and the flourishing of the montainous rocky areas of the Galilee. These areas, through the superhuman work of the kibbutz pionneers, became fertile again. In one of the documents prepared in 1947 by the Jewish Agency in order to expose the Zionist position before the United Nations, one can read: "The land held by Jews was purchased mainly from present or absentee land owners, who either left their land fallow or else leased them out, and the leases impoverished the lands through primitive exploitation. The Jewish settlers, on the other hand, greatly improved their lands, so much so that thousand of settlers with a high standard of living now derive their livelihood on the very same lands where a few hundred Arabs hardly eked out a bare existence heretofore". (5)
In 1944, about 750,000 of the 1.25 million Palestinian inhabitants
of the country were peasants. They lived on the product of their land
and sold the rest to the Palestinian and Jerwish urban populations. Nowadays,
most of the food of the kibbutz and moshav settlers is imported.
Nobody will declare that the Slave Poles and the Latin Spaniards, who have Catholicism as faith, Latin as lithurgigal language, submited to Rome's papacy, form a single people. But when the control of the arab oil reserves are at stake, all ethnic absurdities are accepted by the Western public leaders.
In its editorial of the 3.5.1987, the prestigious daily "Haaretz" writes: "Politicians of the Chistian World accepted the Zionist leaders declaration that all diaspora Jews form a single people. But practially we had to furnish, to them and to ourselves, acceptable arguments fo justify this declaration"
In all their dealings with the oriental Jews, 80 % of them originating from the Arab world, the attitude of the Zionist Ashkenazi deciders showed that for them arabo-oriental Jews were unwhorthy to become settlers of the Holy Land.
At no momment of the short Zionist history, the ashkenazi Zionists accepted the oriental Jews as equal partners for the establishment of a Jewish State in the Holy Land. Discrimination and open disdain against these Jews was common.
In 1942, during the pogroms fomented under the influence of nazi provocatorn about 10 Iraki Jews died, hundreds were injured, and thousands remained homeless. The rescapees asked the Jewish Agency to help them emigrate to Palestine. The answerwas negative. But at that period, Middle Eastern countries borders were very permeable. In its documents presented to the United Nations in 1947, the Jewish Agency estimated the number of Iraki Jews of Palestine at 3,500. The first population census done after the establidshment of Israel found 8,500 Iraki Jews. The 5,000 more were Iraki Jews rescapees who came to settle illegaly in Palestine during the war years.
In September 1948, a few months after the establishment of Israel, the Israeli Government decided to stop all immigration of arabo-oriental Jews inthe new State. The Interior Minister then declared: It must not be forgotten that it is in order to resolve the problems of the European Jews that the State of Israel was created(Ben Deror Yemini- Politica,....(in Hebrew)
In 1950, the Yemenite Jews immigrants were transformed into low paid workers for the citrus plantations or "Harki" workers for the afforestation of the mountainous land of the deported Palestinians.
The same year, 550 yemenite children "disappeared" from Israeli hospitals. To their parents, the Israeli authorities told that their children were dead and buried. In 1995, a State secret was revealed. These children were given by the Womens International Zionist Organization for adoption to Jewish families of the United States. At the end of January 1996, a new scandal eerupted. The blood for wounded donated by Falashas and Falashmora Ethiopian Jews immigrants was systematicaly destroyed.
As for the ashkenazi Jews community, who holds all powers in Israel, their total number is around 2 million, i.e. less than their number in 1948 to whom are added all ashkenazi Jews immigrants.It is n agind and dwindling community, whose a large part of its youngsters have emigrated to the United States.
The Arafat-Rabin handshaking in September 13th, 1993, destroyed one of the myths on which Zionism prospered during more than a century. The non-existence of a Palestinian people on the Holy Land -. About 3.4 million of the Palestinians continue to live in their motherland, the ex-Mandatory Palestine, called by the Israelis Greater Israel. The yearly natural increase of the World Palestinians is nowadays about twice that of the yearly natural increase of all Jews on Earth, those of Israel and the diaspora Jews living all over the World. In Greater Israel, the natural increase of the indigenous Palestinians is more than twice that of all Jews of Ashkenazi, Sepharadi or Arabo-Oriental origin. It must be stated that thhe ashkenazi Jews group includes many European immigrants, such as Russians or Ukrainians have nothing to do with Judaism.
The myth of the non-existence of a Palestinian people
In their deals with the Great powers, the Zionists acted as if Palestine was inhabited. Herzl, in its book "The Jewish State", does not even mention the existence of a Palestinian people on the envied territory.
Prime minister Levy Eshkol, in its last interview published before its death, had to answer to the following question:"If the Jews had the right to an homeland in this part of the Planet, why should that be different for the Palestinians in their own country. He answered: "Who are the Palestinians? When I came to Palestine, there were all in all 250,000 non-Jews, most of them Arabs and Bedouins"(6)
After the death of Eshkol, Prime Minister Golda Meir repeated the same argument: We did not came accross a situation during which we had to deal with Palestinians in Palestine, considering themselves a poeple that we intended to transfer. They did not exist.(7)
It took almost half a century after the creation of Israel for
the Zionists to recognize publicly the existence of a Palestinian people.
The myths of the blooming of the Holy Land deserts and the abolition of private land property in Israel
One of the well accepted declarations of the Zionist propaganda
by Western opinion is the blooming of the Holy Land deserts by the Jewish
pionneers, the flourishing of its arid and mountainous land through their
surhuman work, and the almost total abolition of land private property.
In one of the documents prepared in 1947 by the Jewish Agency in order to expose the Jewish position before the United Nations, one can read: The land held by Jews was purchased mainly from present or absentee landowners who either left their lands fallow or else leased them out, and the lesees impoverished the lands through primitive exploitation. The Jewish settlers, on the other hand, greatly improved their lands, so much so that thousands of settlers with a high standard of living now derive their livelihood on the very same lands where a few hundred of Arabs hardly eked out a bare existence heretofore.(1O)
One of the well accepted declarations of the Zionist propaganda by Western opinion is the blooming of the Holy Land deserts by the Jewish pionneers, the flourishing of its arid and mountainous land through their surhuman work. Fact are different. Only the Palestinian fellahs, by their hard work, succeeded in tranforming bare mountains into orchards and desertified areas into productive cereal fields.
But the Israeli leaders are not blinded by their Zionist propaganda.
In 1979, a kibbutz economist calculated that considering only the U.S.A.
area theoreticaly used to provide Israel's feeding imports reaches 6 million
dunums,(8) whereas all cultivated areas of Israel were 4 million dunums.
Dan Mass, considered one of the best kibboutz movement economists
declared bluntly: Concerning our feeding, we are sitting on others people
table. As for the contribution of Israel's agriculture to the country's
economy, he disclosed the real role played by the Israeli agriculture:
"The importance of agriculture is not its contribution to the national
economy, but in its possibility to cristalize beautifull forms of social
life, which found their expression in the creation of moshavim and kibboutzim,
in collective enterprises, in its important contribution to the improvement
of the landscape and its role in the fixation of the colonisation map".(11)
The myth of rooting the Diaspora Jews on Palestinian land
The proclaimed aim of Herzl, the founder of Zionist movement, was to establish in Palestine, cleansed of its native population, a State for the European Ashkenazi Jews, rooted them in the land of their ancesters. Herzl wrote: "When the strong hand of the Jewish peasant once more guides the plough, the Jewish problem will be solved".(4)(222(21)
During this century, there were three political attemps to transform urban populations into peasants. The Zionist attempt of transforming urban Ashkenazi European Jews from Russia, Poland and Central Europe schtetels, into land labourers living in kibboutzim and moshavim; Mao's China "Cultural revolution", during which millions of urban intellectual Chinese were sent to work in its villages; the Cambodgian Red Khmers revolution, following a same purpose. All these three attemps totally failed. The failure of the Zionist movement of transforming urban Middle class Jews into peasants rooted in the soil of their ancesters has been concealed thanks to the annual billions of dollars mercenary rent received by Israel, which allows it to buy on the world markets almost all the food it needs. In fact, Israel could stop cultivate all its fields and still enjoy one of the highest food diets of the world.
The rooting of the Jews of the Diaspora in the land of its ancestors and the making by the Zionists of desert land and marshes of Palestine bloom is a myth. The feeding of the Israeli population was and continues to be tributary of millions of tons of basic and other foodstuffs imported each year. The payment these imports is not earned by the Israelis through their industrial production, but is provided by the U.S.A. and other Western powers. In compensation, Israel has transformed its territory into a Western Powers insubmersible aircraft carrier, and is ready to sacrifice its 600,000 mobilizable soldiers in order to safeguard the Western Powers interests in the oil bearing Middle East.
The kibbutz movement is nowadays agonizing, transforming its leased fertile lands into building plots, getting from these transactions 30 % or more of their real estate value.
The myth of consideration of Ashkenazi Jews and the Arabo-oriental Jews as equal partners for the colonization of the Holy Land ethnically cleansed of its Palestinian natives.
The Ashkenazi Zionist colonizers never considered the Jews originating from the arab and other Middle East countries as worthy immigrants and equal partners for the colonization of the Holy Land. These arab Jews were brought to Israel by all available means when it was ascertained that during the first two years of Israel's existence, instead of the millions of ashkenazi Jews Weizmann and Ben Gourion expected, less than 200.000 came to settle in Palestine. Most of them came because the doors of all other Western countries were closed to them.
These arab Jews were first needed as simple soldiers. They were utilized in order to replace the Palestinian workers in the citrus groves of Ashkenazi capitalists, as forestry workers planting forests on the poor palestinian lands, as settlers of improductive agricultural lands of the mountainous Galilee and the arid Negev disdained by the kibbutzim. They were living by hundreds of thousands in the shanty towns of the Coastal Plain, but were never invited to settle in their fertile lands rich in water.
After the deportation of the more than half a million of the Palestinian fellahs, their lands were left fallow. Most of their most productive fields were taken over by Ashkenazi settlers. When it was ascertained that there were no more ashkenazi kibboutz and moshav pionneers in order to settle on these lands, instead of settling these lands with the hundreds of thousands of arabo-oriental Jews living in the shanty towns, the Israeli Government sold these lands to ashkenazi capitalists from Israel and abroad. The arabo-oriental Jews are not worthy to become pionneers of the fertile irrigated fields of the Holy Land. One of these irrigated latifundia, extending on 3,000 dunums and worked by Bedouins, belongs to the family of general Ariel Sharon.
The myth of the astronomical sums paid by tbe Zionists for the arable land acquired during the Ottoman and British periods
Another myth diffused by the Zionists and well rooted in Western public opinion is that the Zionists acquired at gold price during the Ottoman rule and British Mandate the arable land used for their colonization of Ashkenazi Jews. According to Jewish Agency officials, "for over 90 % of these lands, they had to pay the full price, whether to the rightfull owners or in compensation to the few tenants of the land". 222(16)(Statistical Abstract of Jewish Palestine, 1947, p.121)
Theo Klein, a leader of the French Jewish community, in a book written in 1988 declares: "The lands were bought from Arab owners who sold them at a tip-top price. Some of these lands fetched 1000 - 1100 per dunum". 222(17) (Hamadi Essid and Theo Kein - Deux vérités en face. Editions Lieu Commun, 1988, p.174)
Facts are different. Various official documents and statistics of the Jewish Agency prove that the land acquired by the Zionist colonizers of Palestine was bought for a fraction of its real value. Jewish Agency data, applying to 70 % of the Jewish land transactions, for which documents could be found, also contradict this assertion. Between 1878 and 1900, 218,000 dunums were acquired by Zionist Jews, at an average price of £ 0.65 per dunum. Between 1901 and 1914, 200,000 dunums were acquired at an average price of £ 1.2 per dunum.222(18) (Statistical Abstract of Jewish Palestine. 1947,
The Jewish Agency for Palestine, pp. 136-137)
Between 1878 and 1914, 400,000 dunums were acquired by the Zionist Jews in Palestine. After the end of the First World War up to 1927, there were new acquisitions of 447,000 dunums. All in all, Jewish institutions and private buyers paid for 1,231,000 dunums, which represented seven tenths of all Jewish land transactions on which documents could be found £ 3.7 million, i.e. about 18 million dollars.(Statistical Abstract of Jewish Palestine, 1947, pp. 136-137) 222(20)
The sums paid by the Jews for the acquisition of land during the Ottoman and British periods represents less than 4 % of the Jewish capital that entered Israel during the 30 years of the British occupation of Palestine. - £ 152 million - (Ulitzur A. -ditto).
Compared to the land prices in the Nile Valley before 1914, the
prices paid by the Jews for their lands acquisitions were trifles. According
to the Israeli renowned economist Alfred Bonne, one of the best experts
concerning the Middle East, the Egyptian fellahs paid before 1914 in the
Nile Valley an average of £ 10 to 12 annual rent of a feddan of
arable land (a feddan equals 4.25 dunums) The best land was rented for
£ 15-20 per year. The price of land in the Nile Valley oscilliated
between 60 to 100 £ the feddan, i.e. between £ 15 to 25 per
dunum.(Bonne A. - The Middle East States and their economy. Biyalek Institute
Publications, Jerusalem, p.131 (in hebrew))
The myth of 92 % of Israël's arable lands belonging to the Nation
The myth of the Israeli agriculture supplying all the food needs of Israel's population
The myth of Jewish settlers working in the fields of the Holy Land
The failed atttemps to transform urban dwellers into peasants
The transformation by Israel of the Holy Land
into the strongest Western miltary base in the oil-bearing Middle East
is the main reason why the Western Powers, first and foremost the United
States, finance, feed, arm and sustain politically Israel in all World
international organizations. For them, Israel represents their most important
strategic base in the present World, allowing them to buy the Middle East
Arab oil at very low price and see the money ot these transactions invested
in the Western countries.
Most of the activities of the Zionist movement during the Mandatory Period aimed at rooting up the Palestinian fellahs from their land. Under the British Palestine occupation, the Palestinians ethnic cleansing could not be implemented. But less than two months after the establishment of Israel in 1948, the Palestinian ethnic cleansing, an old Zionist plan, was in full swing. About 720,000 Palestinians, out of a total of 880,000 living in 1950 Israel's armistice borders were deported.
The Palestinians were never considered as human beings by the Zionists. In February 1941, Haim Weizmann, who became Israel's first President, met secretly Ivan Meiski, the Soviet Ambassador in London. According to Soviet archives, Weizmann declared: " The sole plan for saving the Jews of Central Europe is the transfer of a million of Arabs from Palestine and the settling of 4-5 million Jews from Poland and other countries in their place. When Meiski expressed its astonishment on the possibility of bringing 5 million Jews where only one million Arabs are living, Weizmann smiled: " Don't worry. The Arabs are often called the sons of the desert. It is however more correct to call them the fathers of the desert. Arabs are primitive and lazy by nature, and therefore are able to make a desert out of any blooming garden. If only you give me the area, I will be able to settle five Jews in the place of every single Arab.... The only question is how to obtain the area (12)(22212)
The implementation of the Zionist colonial policy by force
At the beginning of the Second Word War, the Zionist leaders, could mobilize more than 100,000 men in Palestine in order to fight the nazis who were exterminating their brothers in occupied Europe. Nothing was done. About 25,000 Palestinian Jews enroled in the British Army against the wishes of the Jewish Agency. It was only in Septemer 1944, after the allies invasion of occupied Europe, that a Jewish brigade of 4,500 men was formed, who entered in action in February 1945, three months before the end of the War. The 100,000 Jewish young men of the Yishouv were needed in order to fight the Palestinians after the War. During the War more and more kibbuutzim and moshavim were established on Palestinian land.
The myth of the establishment by the Zionists of a Jewish agriculture able to supply the food needs of Israel's population Many false arguments have been used by the Zionist in order to distort reality and gain the sympathy of Western public opinion. The Israeli leaders did not spare self-congratulations for their deeds concerning the Holy Land agricultural development. One of the examples of a total distortion of facts is given in an open letter sent by Ben Gourion to De Gaulle in 1968, in which he wrote: "When we came, we found here an abandoned country, not completely depopulated but desert. We made the desert bloom by the sweat of our forehead, by our pioneer obstinate work. We did not dispossess the working fellahs from their fields. We only transformed desert areas into green fields.... Thanks to our pioneering work, we have transformed a poor and arid soil into a fertile one. We established towns and villages on left-over and deserted areas" (13)
In February 1981, Professor Pooriles, in charge of Israel's agriculturral planning, stated: "During a single generation, Israel has increased its agricultural production twelvefold....Israel is ready to share its experience with Third World countries, in order to fight their malnutrition problems" (16) 222(14)
The Zionist autorities easily found many Western personalities ready to fight for their cause before Western public opinion, and present Israel as a model for the agricultural development for poor overpopulated Third World States. Walter Clay Lowdermilk, an autority on soil conservation, in an article published in 1957 in the "Scientific American", commented: "The 20 th Century Israelites did not find, as their ancestors, a promised land "with flowing milk and honey".....They came in a country wiht intrusive sand dunes...marshes infested with malaria, nude limestone mountains....Ten years after the creation of the State, Israel has almost reached its goal of food self-sufficiency....has more than doubled its area of arable land.....Israel can become an example concerning land reclamation and the food production increase for a World population of 2.8 billion, that will double at the end of the twentieth century".
At the beginning of 1971, four european dailies, among them the French "Le Monde" and the Italian "La Stampa" published simultaneously articles on the Israeli agriculture full of praises.(15)("Le Monde", November 16 th, 1971)
The praise concerning Israel's agricultural "development" in these articles is without parallel. S. Martin, in an article entitled:"Israel, an example of a successful agricultural development" declares:" It would be difficult to find in all over the world a more successful agriculture....The exploitation of every drop of water is valorized.....Every Israeli can now rely on Israel's own agricultural production in order to supply its food needs".
All international agricultural organizations have praised Israel's agricultural performances and presented them to the governments of Third World countries as a way of eliminating hunger in their countries. Pierre Rouveroux, member of the Agricltural Academy of France, declared: "The Israeli agricultural experience can furnish lessons to developing countries....In roughly twenty years, its has trebled its cultivated area, increased its irrigated area fivefold, ensured the producttion of more than three quarters of its food needs and exported about a quarter of its agricultural production valued in 1969 at 2.6 billion Francs"
The Great Powers, especially the United States, saw in Israel's agricultural development a model that could help them subjugate Third World Countries and integrate them in the New World economic order established by the Americans. Hundreds of Israeli "experts", financed by international organizations such as the World Bank or the International Monetary Fund, were sent to many Third World countries, in order to help them transform their subsistence agriculture into an export production agriculture controled by the Western powers. Many of the Third Word governments have taken Israel experts advices seriously, allowing them to planify their agricultural production. In addition, the World Bank demands a report prepared by Israeli experts before granting a Third World country a loan for its agricultural development. When, due to overproduction, prices of agricultural export products began to fall on the World markets, malnutrition and sometimes famine developed in the countries advised by the Israelis.
The myth of implementation by the Zionists of an agrariaan reform in the Holy Land
The Israeli agrarian reform, so much praised by the Western media, was practically a counter-agrarian reform.
When the Zionists began to colonize Palestine at the end of the nineteeth century, its agricultural land was cultivated either by tens of thousands of fellahs who rented small plots from big land owners, or by tens of thousands of fellahs living in villages who owned collectively its arable land and divided it among themselves every three years the arable land according to the number of mouths in each family and other rules. The uncultivated land not inscribed in the cadaster was used collectively as pasture fields, providers of wood and other uses. When a fellah reclaimed and sow an uncultivated area three years in succession, it became its property. Though during the ottoman empire most of the Palestinian fertile land belonged to effendis, there were practically no big domains managed by their landowners in Ottoman Palestine.
It was only after the beginning of the Jewish colonization during the Ottoman Empire that big Jewish farms worked by Palestinians appeared in the Holy Land. The movement gained momentum during the British mandate, and culminated after the creation of Israel. The fact that more than 92 % of former Palestine arable land was nationalized by its new occupiers has nothing to do with its repartition. Former Palestinian nationalized arable land was leased by the State, against a symbolic rent, to collectivities and individuals for a period of 49 years renewable. In other words, a century.
The Palestinian fellahs safegarded their land as the pupils of their eyes. This rule was not followed by the Jewish new occupiers. About a tenth of the irrigated area of a kibboutz, averaging about 400 inhabitants each, is used as farm courtyards, living quarters and gardens. The same rule was followed in the moshavs of the Coastal Plains or the Interior Valleys. In general each moshav member had half of its farm area near his house, and the rest of the land was owned collectively and worked by Palestinians or Third World workers.
Nowadays, most of the farms of the Coastal Plain moshavs have been bought by rich urban citizens, who have transformed the farm into their main or secondary home, increased their garden spaces, created pools and tennis courts near their house, and have the rest of the land which is not owned collectively worked by outside workers.
Nowadays, in order to get back the arable land rented to kibboutzim, moshavim and individuals, and transform them into building plots, the Israel's Land Authority is ready to pay to kibbutzim, moshavim and private leasers 25-30% of their real estate value. Herzl's dream of transforming the Shtetels Ashkenazi Jews into peasants rooted in the land of their ancestors has come to an end.
The "agrarian reform" of the Zionists
practically consisted in transforming the owned or rented arable land
cultivated by more than one hundred thousand Palestinian fellahs families,
which in their great majority were small land owners, or rented small
plots from big feudal landowners, into a few hundred vast collective farms
of kibboutzim, collective land of moshavim and vast latifundia belonging
to societies and individuals, Israeli citizens or Diaspora Jews. One of
these irrigated latifundia extending on 3,000 dunums, belongs to General
Ariel Sharon, perpetrator in the fifties of the West Bank Kibia massacre
then belonging to Jordan, and in 1982 those of the Sabra and Chatila massacres
during the Southern Lebanon war. This domain is worked by Bedouins. Five
or six Oriental Jews moshavim, established in the Galilee mountains, with
a population of more than 2,500, own less land area, generally poor and
improductive, than General Sharon.
Deportation of Palestinians and confiscation of
their land continued even after the signing of the Rhodes armistice treaty
in 1949. In 1951, during the Korean War, the inhabitants of Majdal, nowadays
known as Ashkelon, were deported to the Gaza Strip and their land confiscated.
During this century there were three attemps of
rooting urban populations in their country's fields and tranform them
into peasants. The Zionist attempt to transform schtetel ashkenazi Jews
into peasants; Mao cultural revolution aimed at transforming Chinese intellectuals
into land labourers; The Cambodgian Red Khmer revoltion aiming ar transforming
urban citizens into peasants. All three attemps failed miserably.
The Zionist leaders failed totally in their objective:
Establish an Ashkenazi Jewish State in Palestine, with an Ashkenazi Jewish
population well rooted on the Palestinian Land, ethnically cleansed from
its Palestinian population, with a very small minority of Oriental Jews,
to be used as manual workers.
Palestinian territory into the strongest Western strategic military base in the oil bearing Middle East was realized.
The Palestinians citizens of Israel represent
nowadays about one million, i.e. 20% of Israel's population, not including
the occupied territories. They possess all in all 370 sq. km., i.e. less
than 2 % of Israel's territory, most of it builded areas. The share of
their own agricultural water by the Palestinians Israeli citizens, who
represent 20 % of the population, was at the beginning of the eightees
25 million cu. m. per year, compared to the 1,300 million c.m. utilized
yearly by Israel for its agriculture, it represented 0.02 % of the total
agricultural yearly water consumption.
No appeal to the European Jews of the dangter that them. The future President Haim Weizman once stated that at the end of the war the situation of the European Jews will be so desesperate and their future in Palestine so brillant that will come to settle in the Holy land
No appeal to the Jews to go and join the partisans
fighting the Nazis, because these partisans will never think to come and
settle in Palestine
The reasons which decided the two superpowers
winners of the Second World War - the United States and the Soviet Union
- to give the green light to the Zionist movement for the establishment
of a Jewish State in relatively strongly peopled Palestine has very little
to do with their desire to find a solution for the Jews who survived the
nazi Holocaust. Two main reasons were behind this decision. First the
mounting importance of the Middle East, who in addition to its strategic
importance, saw its economic importance increase manyfold after the discovery
of about two thirds of the Planet oil reserves in its underground. Secondly,
the fact that the old colonial empires of the Great Powers were dismantling,
and the only way that had the two main winners of the Second World War
to control this region was through the creation of a military strong State,
of a people foreign to the region, devoted to them. The Zionist authority,
represented by the Jewish Agency, who during the British mandate, succeeded
to form a third of the population of Palestine, was ready to assume this
As for the Great Powers fighting the nazis during
the Second World War
1. Herzl T. - L'Etat Juif. Editions de l'Herne,
Paris. 1969, p.45
Chomsky N. - Israel and Palestine. may 1995? p.
In Israel, articles concerning water and land mismanagement and dilapidation are innumerable. Such articles can be found in the press, especially in the "Haaretz" daily. But as far as I know, there is not a single specialist in Israel who has ever written a book concerning the mismanagment of Israel's land and water resources. On the contrary. English, french, german books concerning the redeeming of the Holy land, the blooming of the Negev desert, the miracles accomplished by the kibboutzim are legion. My opinion is that these dilapidations are not gratuitous. First, Israel does not need the country's lands for feedings its population. Thanks to the billions of dollars received each year, Israel can buy on the foreign markets all the staple foods it needs, as well as huge quantities of meat, fish, coffee and many delicacies for its elites. Secondly, the land and water dilapidation reenforces Israel's argumentation that on the limited area of Palestine there is no place for two peoples. So for Zionizt colonialists, the indigenous Palestinians must be deported in order to increase the spaces needed by the occupiers.All these and other false arguments aim to distort the real role played by the Israel in the [ ]
The Jewish Agency succeded to mobilize even the philosopher Martin Buber to the Zionist cause, convincing him to plead for the establishment of a Zionist State, that will bring happiness and prosperity to both the Israelis and the indigenous Palestinians. The pionneers will help transform the backward Palestinian agriculture into one of the most advanced on Earth. Here are some extracts from a letter to Ghandhi, sent by Buber on February 1939 in reply to one of his letters: Then you come, Mahatma Ghandi,and help to draw the barriers and to declare:"Hands off! This land does not belong to you....Such an adjustment of the required living room for all is possible if it is brought into line with an all-embracing intensification of the cultivation of the whole soil of Palestine. In the present, helplessly primitive state of the fellah agriculture, the amount of land needed to produce nourishment for a family is ever so much larger than it otherwise woul be. In other words, the problem of feeding the Israeli and the Palestinian populations could be solved by intensifying the country's agriculture.
Martin Buber continues: Our settlers do not come here as do the colonists from the Occident, with natives to do their work for them; they themselves set their shoulders to the plow, and they spend their strength and their blood to make the land fruitful. But it is not only for ourselves that we desire its fertility. The Jewish peasants have begun to teach their brothers, the Arab peasants, to cultivate the land more intensively; we desire to teach them further; together with them we want to cultivate the land - to "serve" it.... The more fertile the soil becomes, the more space there will be for us and for them. We have no desire to dispossess them; we want to live with them. We do not want to rule, we want to serve them.(Martin Buber - A Land of two Poeples. A Letter to Ghandi (February 1939). Oxford University Press, September 1982, pp.122-123) An analysis of all the activities of the Zionist movement during the Mandatory period and after the creation of Israel contradict Martin Buber's declarations.
Oil was discovered in fabulous quantities in the Middle East, Palestine strategic importance increased considerably. After the First World war, Great Britain, in order to remain indifinitely in Palestine, and following the policy that allowed her to built its empire - divide and rule - allowed a certain number of Jews, in their great majority Ashkenazis, to come and settle in Palestine. These Jews formed the nucleus of the population of the future Jewish State. When Israel was established in 1948, thanks to the material, military and political help of the two great victors of the Second World war - the United States and the Soviet Union - one of its first deeds was the ethnic cleansing of the Palestinians from their motherland and the grabbing of their land
After the establishment of the State, Israel's Ashkenazi leaders placed its teritory and its population at the service of the Western poowers, first and foremost the United States, which finances, arms, feeds and politically sustains Israel in all international political organizations. In addition, the United States closes its eyes to wathever Israel does to the former inhabitants of the Holy Land, the Palestinians. Disposses them of their land and water, emprison them, torture them, deport them. In reciprocity, the Israeli leaders have transformed most of the Palestinian arable land into a vast strong western military base, which can be considered as the strongest Western Powers military base in the Middle East.
The aim of the European born Zionists was to create a State peopled with European and other Western Jews in the hearth of the Moslem Middle East. Thanks to the United States and the Soviet Union, the State of Israel was established, but half a century later,on the territory of former Mandatory Palestine the majority of its population is Arabo-Oriental. One million Palestinians that the Jewish Ashkenazi establishment did not succeed to transfer;
Some of the slogans utilized by the Zionists for their propaganda are given hereafter:"Palestine, a land without a people for a people without a land; Israel never aimed to dispossed the Palestinian people; The kibbutzniks, transformers of desert land into a blooming paradize".
For these reasons, cotton should have never been cultivated in Israel. But the kibboutzim, saw in cotton the field crop that gave them the highest revenue per workday. All other considerations were thrown away. Till recently, a third of all kibboutz fieldcrops area was cotton. The reduction of the cotton areas in the kibboutzim was not due to environmental considerations, but to the fact that the price of cotton has fallen on the world markets.
Israel is the last colonial adventure on Earth realised when all European colonial empires were disintegrating and their peoples gaining independance. The Zionist movement, created by Herzl at the end of the ninetieth century, had for objective the creation of a Jewish State for an ethnic group, the Ashkenazi Jews speaking yiddish, subject to antisemitism. These Jews disseminated mainly in the Eastern and Central Europe countries.
The Zionists looked after a territory on Earth where the Jewish State could be established. Ouganda, Argentine were considered. Finally, Palestine was chosen, because of the religious links of these Jews with the Holy Land. The fact that this country was relatively densily populated, did not deter the Zionists. At the end of the nineteenth century, when the Americans where slaughtering the Indians, the British the Australian aborigenes and the French pushing the Algerian living in the plains into the Kabylian Mountains, the ethnic cleansing of the Palestinian native population did not seem unrealistic.
But the Zionist movement had neither the financial
means, nor the military strenght for the realization of their project
of rooting the Ashkenazi Schetel Jews in the land of their ancesters.
They looked after an imperialist power who will help them realize their
project. In exchange, they were ready to become the mercenaries of the
imperialist power that will help them conquer the Holy Land. Palestine
was considered since antiquity one of the most important strategic areas
in the World. The finding of the richest oil reserves on Earth in its
vicinity, increased many times its importance.
The total failure of the Zionist movement of rooting the Ashkenazi Jews on the Palestinian Land
The collaboration of the Zionist movement with the nazi regime up to 1939, and the placing the creation of the Jewish State as a priority before the salvation of the Jews during World War II, was responsible for the amplitude of the Holocaust. At the beginning of the fourties, President Haim Weizmann estimated that after the establishment of the Jewish State, two million Jews will come and settle in Palestine. In a letter he even mentionned five million. Ben Gourion spoke of many million Jews coming to settle in Palestine at the end of the War. They were speaking of Ashkenazi Jews. The Oriental Jews wer unwelcome in the future new State. After 1941, pogroms occured in Irak and Syria,leaving hundreds of dead and injured and thousands of Jews withouth a home. When the rescapees asked the Jewish Agency to help them come to Israel, the answer was negative. But then the Middle East was controled by the British, and the borders between the Arab States were very permeable. In the document presented in 1947 by the Jewish Agency to the United Nations in 1947 the number of Jews of Iraki origin was estimated at 3,500. The first population census done in Israel in 1949 found 8,500 Jews of Iraki origin, i.e. 5,000 more. They came to settle illegaly.
In 1948, thanks mainly to the political, financial and armament aid of the United States and the Soviet Union, and the military superiority of theJewish ssoldiers, the State of Israel was established and more than 700,000 Palestinians deported from their motherland.
Myths created by the Zionists and amplified by Western media
The expelled fellahin were obliged also to tackle
another problem. Their numbers were growing steadily, due to their yearly
natural increase, then one of the highest in the world. More and more
land and culture intensification could provide them with the additional
needed food. But in the thirties, a large proportion of Palestine most
fertile land rich in cheap irrigation water was already in the hands of
the Jewish colonialists. Just as the fellahs driven out of the land sold
by effendis to the Jews, they too began to reclaim by hard physical work
land considered uncultivable.
Martin Buber continues: Our settlers do not come here as do the colonists from the Occident, with natives to do their work for them; they themselves set their shoulders to the plow, and they spend their strength and their blood to make the land fruitful. But it is not only for ourselves that we desire its fertility. The Jewish peasants have begun to teach their brothers, the Arab peasants, to cultivate the land more intensively; we desire to teach them further; together with them we want to cultivate the land - to "serve" it.... The more fertile the soil becomes, the more space there will be for us and for them. We have no desire to dispossess them; we want to live with them. We do not want to rule, we want to serve them.(Martin Buber - A Land of two Poeples. A Letter to Ghandi (February 1939). Oxford University Press, September 1982, pp.122-123)
It took almost half a century after the creation of Israel for the Zionists to admit and recognize publicly the existence of a Palestinian poeple, numbering in 1995 6.5 million, and whose yearly natural increase is nowadays about twice that of the yearly natural increase of all Israel's and diaspora Jews. This recognition was the result of the Intifada war, that Tzahal did not succeed to win. The Arafat-Rabin handshaking September 13th, 1993, destroyed one of the myths on which Zionism prospered - The non-existence of a Palestinian people.
The rooting of the Jews of the Diaspora in the land of its ancestors and the making by the Zionists of desert land and marshes of Palestine bloom is a myth. The feeding of the Israeli population is tributary of millions of tons of basic and other foodstuff imported each year. The payment of these imports is not earned by the Israelis through their industrial production, but is provided by the U.S.A. and other Western powers for Israel's strategic role in the safeguard of the Western Powers interests in the oil bearing Middle East.
The failure of the Zionist movement of transforming urban Middle class Jews into peasants rooted in the soil of their ancesters has been concealed thanks to the annual billions of dollars mercenary rent received by Israel, which allows it to buy on the world markets almost all the food it needs. In fact, Israel could stop cultivate all its fields and still enjoy one of the highest food diets of the world.
Palestinian land reclamation ans Zionist land sterilization during the Mandatory period
The Palestinian agricultural development during
the Mandatory period was in full swing. The Palestinians, most of them
expulsed from their rented farms after the selling of the land to the
Zionists, were adding each year, through reclamation work, tens of thousands
of dunums to Palestine cultivated areas. During the Mandate, the Palestinians
added more than 2.000.000 dunums to their cultivated lands, bringing the
total arable area of Palestine, at the end of 1944 to 9.200.000 dunums.
After the creation of Israel, almost all of the
25,000 ha of the citrus plantations of Palestine remained in Israel's
boundaries. Their citrus crops could have become one of the main sources
of foreign currency of the new State. But the Ashkenazi owners of citrus
groves near the Coastal Plain towns thought otherwise. Notwithstanding
the fact that not far away of these towns large sand areas suitable for
construction were to be found, these owners used their political influence
in order to transform their citrus orchards into building plots, and receive
from the new administration former palestinian land on which they could
plant new citrus groves. In December 1948, the total area of the citrus
groves remaining in the new State boundaries reached 250,000 dunum. Two
years later, the citrus groves area was 130,000 dunums. Half of the citrus
groves area in 1948 was either transformed into building plots or simply
destroyed. New citrus plantations were established. In 1967, the citrus
plantations reached 420,000 dunums, most of them in the Coastal Plain.
In 1992, according to Israel's official statistics, this area has been
reduced to 288,000 dunums (In fact, much less) and the destroyed groves
into building plots.The workers of these citrus groves are either Palestinians
or Third World workers, from the Philippines, Thailand and other South
Eastern Asia countries.
Iln 1946, the Palestinians formed two thirds of
the country'ss population and the Jews one third. A book written by Ludwig
Samuel, entitled "Jewish agricultural production in Palestine",
and published in 1946 by the Jewish Agency gives details of the agicultural
production of each sector in 1943/44:
In Israel, articles concerning water and land
mismanagement and dilapidation are innumerable. Such articles can be found
in the press, especially in the "Haaretz" daily. But as far
as I know, there is not a single specialist in Israel who has ever written
a book concerning the mismanagment of Israel's land and water resources.
On the contrary. English, french, german books concerning the redeeming
of the Holy land, the blooming of the Negev desert, the miracles accomplished
by the kibboutzim are legion. My opinion is that these dilapidations are
not gratuitous. First, Israel does not need the country's lands for feedings
its population. Thanks to the billions of dollars received each year,
Israel can buy on the foreign markets all the staple foods it needs, as
well as huge quantities of meat, fish, coffee and many delicacies for
its elites. Secondly, the land and water dilapidation reenforces Israel's
argumentation that on the limited area of Palestine there is no place
for two poeples.